Maraknya berita bohong atau hoax akhir-akhir ini ternyata menjadi perhatian banyak orang, tak terkecuali Polda Metro Jaya.
Hal ini bukan tanpa alasan. Jumlah penduduk Indonesia menempati urutan keempat dalam daftar negara dengan jumlah penduduk terbanyak di dunia. Secara otomatis, situasi ini berimbas kepada masifnya penggunaan teknologi terutama internet di kalangan masyarakat.
Dalam laporan We Are Social bekerjasama dengan Hootsuite mengenai perkembangan digital di Indonesia yang dirilis Januari 2018 kemarin menyebutkan bahwa ada 132,7 juta pengguna internet.
Sementara 130 juta di antaranya adalah pengguna aktif media sosial. Keberadaan hoax pun bak jamur di musim hujan.
Data We Are Social & Hootsuite tentang industri digital di Indonesia Januari 2018.
Yang lebih memprihatikan lagi adalah hoax kini menjadi konsumsi sehari-hari masyarakat dan malah telah dianggap sebagai informasi atau berita yang benar adanya. Sayangya, masyarakat tidak memiliki pengetahuan dan sumber yang jelas untuk membedakan informasi yang benar atau salah.
Hal inilah yang kemudian mendasari Polda Metro Jaya menghadirkan sebuah terobosan baru untuk melawan hoax, yakni dengan meluncurkan portal berita dan aplikasi bernama PMJnews.
Sambutan Kapolda Metro Jaya pada peluncuran PMJnews di Polda Metro Jaya
Apa itu PMJnews?
“Polda Metro Jaya harus mampu mengelola informasi dengan baik dan mengemas informasi menjadi sebuah berita yang bermanfaat untuk masyarakat,” Kombes Pol Argo Yuwono, Kabid Humas Polda Metro Jaya.
Berkembangnya revolusi industri 4.0 membuat Polda Metro Jaya terus menghasilkan terobosan. Jika sebelumnya Polda Metro Jaya membuat sistem informasi dan dokumentasi berbasis elektronik bernama Si Doel, kali ini institusi yang berkantor di daerah Semanggi ini merilis PMJnews.
Sambutan Kabid Humas Polda MetroJaya
PMJnews hadir dengan tujuan untuk mengintegrasikan seluruh informasi di lingkungan Polda Metro Jaya untuk mendorong transparansi dan akuntabilitas pelayanan dari kepolisian. Hasilnya, informasi dan dokumentasi jauh lebih terencana dan terpercaya dengan format berita standar media nasional.
Dalam acara launching PMJnews (15/11) yang dihadiri oleh para pejabat kepolisian di dalam lingkup kepolisian daerah Metro Jaya ini, Kapolda mengharapkan inovasi terbaru Humas Polda Metro Jaya ini bisa dijadikan kekuatan penyebaran informasi.
Nah, untuk menjaga akurasi dari portal berita dan aplikasi ini, maka kesesuaian akan kaidah-kaidah jurnalistik akan dikedepankan. PMJnews juga mendapat apresiasi dan dukungan dari Komisi Penyiaran (KPI) dan Dewan Pers sebagai lembaga yang memiliki konsen terhadap hal ini.
Humas Polda Metro Jaya tampaknya sadar betul bahwa penggunaan internet di Indonesia melalui smartphone tidak boleh dianggap sebelah mata. Pasalnya, PMJnews juga dihadirkan dalam bentuk aplikasi yang bisa kamu download di Playstore.
Hasilnya. berita-berita PMJnews bisa dapat dengan cepat diposting, diunggah, dan diakses oleh semua orang. Pembaruan informasi pun dapat kamu lakukan dengan cepat baik dari sisi konten maupun redaksional.
September 2013 adalah kali pertama saya mengunjungi tempat ini. Selang 3 tahun, tepatnya Maret 2016, The World’s Most Literate Nations merilis data bahwa tingkat baca masyarakat Indonesia berada di urutan 60 dari 61 negara.
Hari ini, ketika Googling dengan keyword Taman Ismail Marzuki maka yang muncul adalah Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM) sebagai pusat kesenian dan kebudayaan. Sayangnya, TIM tidak menunjukkan geliat literasi. Padahal, bukankah seni budaya tidak bisa terpisahkan dari literasi?
Hal inilah yang kemudian mendasari saya untuk mengerjakan proyek foto berjudul Ruang Hampa Literasi di bawah bimbingan Arkademy Project yang terdiri dari 3 orang, yakni Rara Sekar, Ben Laksana, dan Yoppy Pieter.
Berharap, setelah revitalisasi TIM menyisihkan sebagian ruangnya untuk menjadi ruang literasi yang aman dan nyaman serta bisa diakses oleh semua orang.
“Drinking water is only Rp 3000, Sir. Compared to the treatment, it is certainly more expensive. I can’t afford, “said Iyan, an online drive.
The twilight slowly came. The lights in the lush building of the Rasuna Said cycle began to light up. The streets look deserted. There were only two or three vehicles passed. I, who just got off the 32-storey building, had to wait about 45 minutes before getting the driver; my transportation application was spinning not as fast as usual.
“I am in front of the Cyber 2, ya Bang. On the road said.” I texted.
“Alright, Sir. I have to turn around,” said the driver.
The distant turning made me wait even longer. After ordering twice, only this time I got a response. This situation happened without reason. Firstly, the time was not right because of Sunday. Of course, Rasuna Said Street would not be as busy as a working day. As a result, the online driverin the area was reduced.
Secondly, it is me who insisted on using the cheapest promos offered by the application so that some drivers might not take my order. Understandably, the distance from Rasuna Said to Tomang is not close. Thirdly, the price is often a problem. Thank God, Iyan saved me.
How many liters of water we drink every day?
Iyan stopped a few steps from where I was standing. He reached his cell phone, while occasionally looking left and forward. I came to him, grabbed the helmet, and jumped into the back saddle.
Unfortunately, he didn’t walk right away. He grabbed a bottle of mineral water, gulped it, then turned half his body, “Are you ready, sir?”
We entered Prof. Dr. Satrio Street. Faintly, the sound of the call to prayer echoed. The weather in the area seems modest. That day, the sun was not too hot.
Data from the Indonesia Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) shows that the lowest air temperature in DKI Jakarta from July to October 2018 is 25 degrees Celsius, while the highest temperature reaches 32 degrees Celsius.
“On a motorcycle, I bring 5 big bottles for daily drinking, Sir,” said the man who had worked as an online driver for 3 years.
“1500 ml of mineral water?” I was curious.
He must be on the streets every day from 6am to 9pm. At 12am, this 36-year-old man will take an hour to eat and rest.
“I bought it per cardboard, so it’s more economical than per bottle.”
This reminded me of two other drivers. Husein, 47 y.o from Fakfak, West Papua. Although he had a nutritional education background, this man admitted that he only drank 2 bottles of 600 ml mineral water while driving.
“Oh, but every morning before going out at 6, I have drunk three glasses of water, Bang.”
Another was Ariyanto, the driver who drove me from Blok M to Kemang a few days ago only drank one bottle of 600 ml mineral water during the day. For reasons of savings, he claimed he would only increase the consumption of drinking water when at home.
“You don’t have to buy it whether you are at home, Sir. My wife boils water.”
According to the Indonesia Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM), drinking water is safe for consumption, including natural mineral water and packaged, carbonated or vice versa. The need for drinking water is also determined by various factors. Dr. Diana Sunardi, a medical nutrition specialist from RSUP Cipto Mangunkusumo (RSCM), explained that there are at least 5 factors, namely the temperature and humidity of the environment; activity; gender and age; health condition of the body; and food consumed.
Adult men need 2 liters of water per day, while women need 1.6 liters per day. Those who work with light capacity should consume 2.2 – 3.5 liters, equivalent to 8-14 glasses. While to those with the mild working capacity is being advised to drink 14-25 glasses of water which equal to 3.6-6.3 liters per day.
Why drinking water is important?
“Turn left or straight, Sir?” Iyan asked as we approached Tanah Abang Wholesale Center.
“Left, Bang, through Slipi.”
Along the way in the Bendungan Hilir area, he told a lot about water. It was stated that more than a year later he had been diligently drinking water and avoiding coffee or energy drinks.
This knowledge, it was said, was obtained from a surgeon who had been his customer.
“He said that if you drink less, you could make kidney disease, Sir.”
One certain effect of under-drinking is dehydration. This is a condition where more water comes out of the body than water that enters the body. Without realizing it, the water will come out through urination, defecation, sweat, and air while breathing.
When mild dehydration occurs several signs appear, such as dry mouth, easily drowsy and tired, easily anxious and tense, decreased concentration, and visual memory decreased for a moment.
The long-term, according to Dr. Diana, will infect the urinary tract, cause kidney stones and various other health problems. This situation is not without reason, 70% of the human body consists of water. The existence of sufficient fluids in the body will provide various benefits.
Some of them are as follows:
1. Adjust body temperature
2. Moisturizes and moistens mulch (mouth, eyes, and nose)
3. Lubricate Joints
4. Protect organs and tissues in the body
5. Prevent constipation
6. Dissolve nutrients and bring them to various parts of the body
7. Bringing oxygen and nutrients to various tissues of the body
8. Metabolic waste
When is the right time to drink water?
“Whether I am thirsty or not, I’m still drinking,” he responded when I asked Iyan’s drinking time.
It’s no secret that the right time to drink water is when someone feels thirsty. Not only when you are thirsty, but also you should drink water for 30-60 minutes. It is especially in conditions of sweating. For students, before, temporarily, and after study are also required to drink.
What expressed by Iyan on our journey through the Indonesian Legislative Assembly (DPR RI) Building in Senayan made me dumbfounded. In traffic that is not so dense, my mind was even filled with the amount of fluid intake that entered the body every day.
As an office worker who sits from 9am to 6pm every day, I feel inferior to Iyan. If it’s counted, I only spend 4 glasses of water in that time frame; the rest is coffee, which unfortunately does not include a type of drinking water by BPOM.
What kind of water that is suitable for consumption?
The existence of coffee as one of the most consumed drinks every day is horrifying. On the one hand it benefits the coffee industry, on the other hand, it is not suitable to be used as a substitute for drinking water.
Data from the Center for Agricultural Information and Data Systems at the Ministry of Agriculture explains that in 2016 the consumption of coffee in Indonesia reached 250 thousand tons. This trend continues to grow 8.22% per year so that in 2021 it is predicted that there will be 370 thousand tons of coffee consumption.
“On average, Sir, my friends are hanging out drinking coffee,” Iyan paused at the intersection of the Slipi Petamburan red light.
Besides coffee, other drinks that are often consumed are energy drinks. Hussein admitted this, the driver who took me to the office once. Not a few of the driver’s friends took a break while drinking drinks, which he said, provided additional energy.
Unfortunately, Dr. Diana denied this. According to her, a doctor graduating from the University of Indonesia, water that is suitable for daily consumption are mineral water.
This is caused by the mineral content in water that is not possessed by other types of fluids. Mineral water contains minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sulfur, sodium, and chloride.
There are various kinds of mineral benefits needed by the body, which include:
1. Maintaining the pH balance of body fluids
2. Helps the process of transporting nutritional components between cells
3. Maintain the work of the Sarah network
4. Helps contraction and relaxation of muscle tissue
Drinking mineral water, in my opinion, is like a saying: once rowing two, three islands are exceeded.
Our throats are free of thirst; our body needs are met.
Finally, my trip with Iyan and memories of the online driver and their drinking water had to be ended. Because, I have arrived at Tomang red light and the distance from my residence is no longer far away.
“My wife has been sick for almost a week, Sir. Fever and flu, typically like that.”
“Oh huh?” my responded ear closer. The wind that blows when driving often brings away the voices of the other person.
“Yes, but I try to keep drinking water. “It’s getting better,” he concluded.
Iyan seemed to be well aware of the importance of drinking water. Several times he mentioned the price of a bottle of mineral water which was much cheaper compared to treatment due to lack of fluids.
This seems to make me like getting a raw punch right in the pit of the stomach.